Pachamama deity in the Andean worldview

The Inca empire was made up of many nations or ethnic groups and where within its worldview there was a large number of Andean gods and therefore in today’s article we will talk about one of its most important goddesses of the Inca empire, of the Andean deity Pachamama (mother earth) the highest deity of the Inca empire, wife of Pachacamac (god of the sky and clouds).

The Pachamama is the representation of the land who is described as an indigenous woman of short stature, long dark hair, wearing a hat, a snake snake and wearing huge flip flops, which lives inside the earth and in the Mountain peaks, accompanied by a dog and Loading saddlebags with food, leather pouches full of gold and silver, with which rewards travelers who respect the conservation of nature and gain their sympathy. Although it is considered a kind and collaborative spirit of human activities, it can also be hostile to those who do not respect nature; His rancor is shown through storms, thunder or makes the weather unfavorable for growing food.

Why was Pachamama so important to the Incas?

Within the Andean worldview, the pachamama was considered a sacred being, the mother of the hills and men since it not only takes care of the material but also of the spiritual, protective of nature, provider of water and food favoring the fertility of the earth and that shelters human beings. in exchange for this help and protection, the Incas promoted the greatest veneration towards her and therefore her cult was important, because on him depended the success in the harvests.

The Pachamama Cult

The Pachamama cult begins on the first day of the month of August and is celebrated throughout the month because it is the coldest month of the winter season and it is also when the earth needs to be nourished, so the importance of offering cults and to be in very good terms with mother earth in order to keep themselves, their crops and livestock healthy and protected.

The Andean peoples perform rituals that demonstrate the veneration of the Pachamama where they offer fruits, tobacco, coca leaves, variety of seeds, unworked silver, llama fetuses, drinks such as chicha and wine where some of these offerings are burned or buried. on the roads that pass through valleys and peaks where there are stacked stones.

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he Incas believed that, in times of rain, frost or drought, these types of phenomena were punishments given by the pachamama, for not fulfilling their requests or breaking the laws of nature conservation.

The rituals that are carried out in the Andean towns, are a vivid portrait of the ancestral ceremonies that have passed centuries of generations.

There are those who also perform this cult throughout the year on the first Friday of every month.

Find more information about guided tours in Cusco where more about pachamama is explained at

Free Walking Tour Cusco in English

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